Chao Shao-an History & Biography. The Charming Cicada Studio.
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Chao Shao-an - A Tribute to the Master of Chinese Art.
The Art of Lingnan School. / Biography - Dates / Gao Qi-Feng / The Charming Cicada Studio / History of Chao Shao-an / Other Lingnan Masters.
Other Lingnan Masters.

Other Lingnan Masters.




He  Xiangning

Ven.  Hiu Wan Szeto  QI FANG  REN-DING wong  LUISANG HENRY   Wo  chen jinzhang yang   zhiguang Au  Ho-Nien STEPHEN  Lowe James  Tan

Ju Lian.
Ju Chao and Ju Lian, renowned flower-and-bird masters of the Lingnan area (South of the Five Ridges) in the 19th century, based on their experiences on the bank of the Pearl River and their love for nature, produced large numbers of excellent works suiting both refined and popular tastes.

The Lingnan School of painting, established by Ju Lian's disciples Gao Jianfu and Chen Shuren, is still influential today.

This book contains 117 best paintings of Ju Chao and Ju Lian collected by Dongguan Museum of Guangdong Province, reflecting their unique style and characteristics. There are also reviews, seals used by the two artists, a table of their artistic activities and bibliographies.

Ju Chao & Ju Lian. 1811 - 1889
Ju Chao and Ju Lian, renowned flower-and-bird masters of the Lingnan area (South of the Five Ridges) in the 19th century, based on their experiences on the bank of the Pearl River and their love for nature, produced large numbers of excellent works suiting both refined and popular tastes.

The Lingnan School of painting, established by Ju Lian's disciples Gao Jianfu and Chen Shuren, is still influential today. This book contains 117 best paintings of Ju Chao and Ju Lian collected by Dongguan Museum of Guangdong Province, reflecting their unique style and characteristics. There are also reviews, seals used by the two artists, a table of their artistic activities and bibliographies.

Gao Jian-Fu  Biography 1879 - 1951
Born in 1879, died in 1951, Guangdong The people of Panyu. The famous Painter School leaders, south of the Five Ridges, South of the Five Ridges school Founder, painting Founder One of. Gao Jianfu The parent word sword, with words, Gao's grandfather Gao Ruicai, father high keeping samples were good medicine, martial arts, but also the calligraphy and painting. Gao Jianfu There are six of his brother, four, 5 younger brother Gao Qifeng Also, good at painting, pioneer and his fellow South of the Five Ridges school. High is the father of modern Chinese painting Home, art educator. The young father, his depression. The influence of family uncle Painting A great deal of interest. He had an early study Guangdong The amphibious normal school and south of the Five Ridges school, after teaching Ju Lian After dropping out of school, disease, and back to the low-cost under the door. Painting , and then East Japan Study abroad, with Japan Painter Yamamoto Me contact, Gao Jianfu Feed one's sight on, in accepting foreign art essence at the same time, he decided to reform the traditional Chinese painting . Two degrees Japan Tokyo Academy of Fine Arts art research,Are you there Tokyo And Liao Zhongkai , He Ningxiang The couple met, living in a place, who had studied in Japan and Europe Painting . After adding white will, The Pacific Ocean Painting and watercolor society. 1905. Gao Jianfu Are you there Tokyo Join Sun Zhongshan Creation of the alliance, was ordered to return home, organization Guangdong Ward, president. Attended the famous Huanghuagang uprising and recovery The battle of Guangzhou Xin Hai Revolution, Gao Jianfu Articles two brother ( Gao Qifeng , Gao Jianseng ) then crosses Japan, research Painting . And to participate in the Sun Zhongshan Leadership The Chinese Revolutionary Party , committed to denounce Yuan Shikai And the law of motion. In the early Republic of China in his Sun Zhongshan Funding, and little brother Gao Qifeng Creation of aesthetic Library in Shanghai, published "the truth" pictorial, propaganda and revolutionary thought. Sun Zhongshan After his death, his dissatisfaction with the warlord bureaucrat rule. The Kuomintang government and the puppet government Wang Jingwei Has repeatedly invited him to go into government, was rejected, he said that the public never an official, devoted to Chinese painting And the creation of innovation, before the Anti Japanese war, Gao Jianfu Are you there Guangzhou The establishment of "spring sleep painting", training a lot of art talent. After the former Zhongshan University Traditional Chinese painting Professor, Professor of Nanjing Centre College Department of art, City of Guangzhou Li art school headmaster. Guangzhou Liberation, Gao Jianfu Are you there Macao Recuperate. The winter of 1950, prepared to return home, unfortunately have a recurrence of an old illness, in 1951 June in the Macao Died, at the age of 72.

Chen Shu-Ren  1884 1948
With the Gao brothers one of the "Three Masters of the Lingnan School", Chen Shuren (1884?948), original name Shao, literary name De'an Laoren or Ershan Shanqiao, was also a native of Panyu in Guangdong province who learned painting under Ju Lian (1828-1904) in his early years and later pursued his studies in Japan . The banana tree has always been a perfect subject for expressing the subtlety of ink and brushwork, but this hanging scroll by Chen differs from more traditional paintings thanks to its spontaneous use of charming colours and the application of a Western perspective. Although working with a simplified form, Chen is still able to capture the essence of the tree, as he contrasts a small bird resting on a branch with the large banana tree and its central setting in the composition. Chen's simple and spontaneous personal style makes him the most lyrical literati artist of the "Three Masters of the Lingnan School".

Gao Qi-Feng 1889 - 1933
A native of Panyu in Guangdong province, Gao Qifeng (1889-1933), original name Weng, was the younger brother of Gao Jianfu (1879?951), with whom he learned painting in his early years before also going to Japan , in 1907, to study under Tanaka Raisho (1868-1940).

He is also acclaimed as one of the "Three Masters of the Lingnan School ".

This painting is one of the finest examples of Gao Qifeng's work. A couple of chickens are depicted sheltering peacefully under a birch-leaf pear tree. Falling petals and a colour-washed background, together with the two resting chickens, create a romantic, poetic and dream-like visual impact. Exquisitely executed, the chickens and the birch-leaf pear are vivid and solid, yet the artist is able to capture a transient moment of nature.

Gao successfully combined the poetic element of Chinese painting, Japanese pleinair painting and Western techniques to develop a unique personal style.

Chao Shao-an 1905 - 1997
Chao Shao-Ang, alias Shuyi, was born in 1905 in Panyu of Guangdong province. He took tuition from a private tutor in his village during childhood. At the age of' sixteen, he learned painting from the famous Lingnan painter, Gao Qifeng at Gao's private art school. He became a teacher at the Fushan Art Academy when he was twenty-three. In 1930, his work was awarded a gold medal at the Brussels International World Fair in Belgium. In the same year, he founded the Lingnan Art Studio at Guangzhou. He held three one-man shows at Guangzhou in 1933. A year later, he went on a tour of North China. He traveled extensively through Fujian, Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Anhui, Shandong. Hebei and Shanxi provinces. He visited a number of historical sites, such as the Caves of Stone Buddhas in Yungang and the Great Wall. During the tour, his works had been exhibited in several large cities, like Nanjing, Tianjin and Beijing.

Guan Shan-Yue
Guan Shanyue, originally named Zepei, was born in 1912 in Yangjiang of the Guangdong province. His father was a school teacher and was skilled in Chinese painting. Because of his father's influence, Guan has cultivated an intense interest in painting since childhood. He became a primary school teacher in Guangzhou after his graduation from the Guangzhou College of Education in 1933. In the same year, Gao Jianfu, the great Lingnan painter, was appointed professor of Chinese painting by the Zhongshan University. With the help of his old classmates, Guan went to the university to sit in Gao's lectures. He was later attracted to study art in the Gao's school, the Chunshui Art Studio. From that time onwards, Guan learned Chinese painting under Gao till 1940. 
Guan organized his first one-man exhibition in late 1939. The exhibition, which received very favourable comments from art critics, was put on show in Macao, Hong Kong and Guangzhouwan (Zhanjiang) till the spring of 1940. In 1941, he left Guangdong and travelled through the various provinces in West China. During the tour, he kept on painting and sketching, and presented exhibitions at cities like Shaoguan, Guilin, Guiyang, Chongqing, Kunming, Chengdu, Xi'an and Lanzhou. Later, he made a study tour to Dunhuang with his wife, Li Xiaoping. He copied the mural paintings in the rocket caves and made careful researches on the art of Buddhist painting. The period from 1940 to 1945 marked a significant stage of development in Guan's art of painting. During these years. of travelling, he began to establish a distinctive style of his own.
In 1946, he returned to Guangzhou and was appointed professor and head of the Chinese Painting Department by the Guangzhou Art Academy. A year later, he made a tour to Southeast Asia and presented exhibitions in Bangkok, Chiang Mai, Penang, Kuala Lumpur and Singapore. In 1948, he organized an exhibition in Shanghai. On show were all his sketches and paintings made during his travels in West China and Southeast Asia. Two illustrated catalogues were published for that exhibition. In early 1949, he joined the Renjian Painting Society in Hong Kong and participated actively in revolutionary art activities.
He went back to China after the founding of the People's Republic of China. Since then, he has been the Professor and Deputy Head of the Art Department of the Huanan Arts Institute, the Professor and Deputy Director of the Zhongnan Art Academy, the Professor and Deputy Director of the Guangzhou Institute of Fine Arts. He became a member of the Communist Party of China in 1956. Apart from teaching, he often goes to construction sites and places of historic interest to do outdoor sketching. He also travels abroad to inspect and learn the art of painting of other countries. In the past years, he has visited Korea, Poland, France, Switzerland, Belgium, Vietnam and Japan. In October 1982, he was invited to Japan to hold exhibitions at Tokyo and Osaka.

Li Xiong-Cai
Li Xiong-Cai was born in Gaoyao of Guangdong province in 1910. His father, Li Junting, was good at Chinese calligraphy and painting and excelled in the art of rubbing making. He supported his family by mounting paintings and rubbings for others. Li Xiong-Cai had therefore received a basic training in art from his father since childhood. At the age of thirteen, Li studied in the Zhaoxing Middle School where he started to learn Chinese painting from his school teacher, Chen Jian. Chen was a favoured student of the well-known Guangong painter, Ju Lian. At the age of sixteen, Li got acquainted with Gao Jianfu, the founder of the `Lingnan School' of painting. Gao gave a very high appraisal of his artistic talent.

A year later, Li followed Gao to Guangzhou and became a student of the Gao's art school, the Chunshui Art Studio. He not only studied Chinese painting in school, but also received other training in art. It was during this period that he built up a very good foundation in the technique of sketching. 
In 1932, he was financially supported by the Chunshui Art Studio to study fine arts in the Tokyo Art Institute. He therefore had the chance to observe various innovations that were made in painting by Japanese painters at that time. He returned to China in 1935 and from that time onwards, he had held various teaching posts in the Guangzhou Art Institute, the Guangzhou Art Academy and the National Art Academy in Chonqing.

There appeared a stylistical change in his paintings after this long journey. After the founding of the People's Republic of China, Li often visits rural and industrial developing centres for life ketching.

 He has recently made a tour to the remote region of the Qinghai Highland. Li has presented a number of one-man exhibitions and the most recent one was held in Hong Kong in 1982. During these few decades, he has produced thousands of sketches and creative paintings. Many paintings are huge in size, varying from a few metres to over ten metres long.

During the war of China against Japan, Li traveled extensively in the western part of China. He toured Qujiang, Guilin, Chongqing, Chengdu, the three gorges of Chang Jiang, Mount Emei, Xinjiang and Inner Mongoia. He studied the details of the cultural relics found in historic sites and made a series of sketches of the places he visited.

Yan Shang-Shen 1913 - 2004
Yang Shan Shen (1913 - 2004) was born at Chiqi, Taishan in Guangdong Province. He was one of the masters of the Lingnan School. In addition to being greatly influenced by two masters of the Lingnan School, Gao Jianfu and Gao Qifeng, Yang was also inspired by Japanese ink painting. In 1936, Yang travelled to Japan and was enrolled into the Domoto Art Institute, Kyoto and studied with the well-known painter Domoto Insho.The present work reveals the influence of the Japanese artist Taheuchi Seiho (1864-1942) in his early years. Using a technique of plain line sketching and a well-planned composition, Yang created a hazy and harmonious atmosphere and poetic image of small birds nestling under the leaves of the intertwining branches of autumn primrose. 
In 1970, he was awarded an honorary degree from the Chinese Academic Research Institute, Taiwan. In 1999, he was awarded "Fellowship for Achievement in Visual Arts" by the Hong Kong Arts Development Council. In his late years, Yang had donated a masterpiece "Pine and Moon" which was collected by the Great Hall of the People, Beijing, China. With his superb accomplishment in and contribution to art, he was awarded a SBS from the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. On May 15, 2004, Yang passed away at his home in Hong Kong.
His works have been extensively exhibited in Hong Kong, China and overseas. In 1981, the Hong Kong Museum of Art presented his solo exhibition - "The Art of Yang Shan shen" with a catalogue published. In 1995, the Museum of Art presented again a major exhibition - "Lingnan Spirit - A Retrospective of Yang Shan shen" and published a catalogue as well.

He Xiangning 1879 - 1972
He Xiangning was a renowned artist-turned-social activist and national leader.
Born in Hong Kong in 1879, He was married to Liao Zhongkai, a senior statesman of the Kuomintang, in Guangzhou in 1897.
In 1902, He sold her dowries to support her husband to study in Japan. In 1903, He followed her husband to Japan, becoming one of the earliest female Chinese students studying abroad.
During her stay in Japan, He got to know Dr. Sun Yat-sen, and started to devote herself to the revolutionary movement.

In 1905, she participated in the establishment of the Chinese Revolutionary League, working as a liaison officer.

In 1909, she was admitted into the Hongo Women's School of Fine Arts in Tokyo to study landscape and flower painting, and then continued to study animal painting under the Japanese royal artist Raiaki Tanaka.

Throughout her life, He enjoyed using her paintings of plum blossoms, pine trees, lions, tigers and landscapes to convey her political views.

When the Revolution of 1911 broke out, He moved back to Guangzhou with her husband. After returning to China, she came under the influence of the Lingnan School of Painting, one of the modern schools of Chinese brush painting, led by renowned artists Chen Shuren and Gao Jianfu.

In her later works, her earlier Japanese painting influence began to be replaced by more traditional Chinese forms.
Around 1924, He and Liao assisted Sun Yat-sen in reorganizing the Kuomintang, and urged the party to cooperate with the Communist Party of China (CPC).

After her husband was assassinated in 1925, He continued to fight against the Kuomintang's right-wing leaders.
During the eight-year War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression from 1937 through 1945, He endeavored to fight against the Kuomintang's dictatorship and infighting, and actively participated in anti-Japanese movements.

In 1948, by uniting the Kuomintang's right-wing leaders, He organized the Kuomintang Revolutionary Committee to answer the CPC's call to hold the new political consultative conference.

After the People's Republic of China was founded in 1949, He was appointed vice chairwoman of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and vice chairperson of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress.

Ven. Hiu Wan.
Ven. Hiu Wan was awarded the Cultural Prize in 1997 by the Executive Yuan, the nation's highest honor for personal achievement.
Aside from being a distinguished artist, she is a also renowned for her scholarship in Buddhism, literary merit as a poet, her tireless devotion to education, and, above all, a dedicated practitioner of Prajna Ch'an Buddhism1933  Graduates from Liching School of Art, Hong Kong.
1935  Establishes Wen Feng Yun Yuan at Canton.
1947  Teaches at the School of Art, Tagore University, Santineketan. India.
1952  Establishes Yunmen School at Hong Kong.
1957-1958Travels and visits more than 30 countries of the world and holds exhibitions.
1962 Establishes Huihai Middle School in Hong Kong.
1966 Teaches Art, Philosophy at Chinese Cultural College and is dean of the Institute of Buddhist Studies.
1970 Establishes Lotus Ashram.
1980 Establishes Huafan Buddhist Research Institue.
1988 Holds "59 years of Painting Career" exhibition at Taiwan Provincial Museum.
1990 Establishes Huafan University.
1994 Holds "64 years of Painting Career" exhibition at Sun Yat Sen Memorial Gallery.
1996 Establishes "Lectureship of Enlightenment".
1997 Awarded Cultural medal from Administrative Yuan.
1998 Exhibition of Enlightened Dhyana paintings at National History Museum.2000 Holds "71 years of Painting Career"
xhibition at Chang Kai Shek Cultural Center, Taipei. Municipal Social and Educational Gallery, Tainan. Cultural Center. Kaoshiung.

Henry Wo Yue-Kee
Henry Wo was born in Guangdong, China in 1927. Wo showed great interest in art in his early childhood. He entered International Art School of Hong Kong to study Western and Chinese painting and learned the skills of sketching and drawing in 1946. In 1949, Wo began studies under Chao Shao An, the great master of Lingnan School in Hong Kong and learned the essence of his style. In 1975, he moved to the United States from Hong Kong with his family and settled in Alexandria, Virginia.
For over 60 years Wo has diligently sketched and painted in nature’s own setting, grasping the essence of a scene or subject and producing a work of infinite creativity. He has also studied in great detail a wash technique in color where layer upon layer of washes is used to create a background with a hazy quality yet with a brightness as shown in his painting, Rest for the Toilers and in many of his lotus paintings and new landscape paintings.
Wo had worked out of Torpedo factory Art Center exhibiting and teaching Chinese Painting in Alexandria, VA; Martha’s Vineyard, MA (summer only) and other cities in the United States; Canada; Hong Kong; Taiwan; Singapore; Malaysia; Japan and Australia… His work is included in collections of Asian Art Museum, San Francisco; Hawaii Art Museum; Birmingham Museum of Art and Mobile Museum of Art, Alabama; Amherst College, Massachusetts; Springfield Art Museum, Missouri; City of Hamilton Art Gallery, Australia; National Museum of History, Taipei; Peking University, Beijing; Lingnan Art Museum of Dongguan, China; Hong Kong Heritage Museum and Hong Kong Museum of Art, among others.
In 2007 to 2009 he was honored by the Asian Art Museum in San Francisco; Hong Kong Heritage Museum; Guangzhou Museum of Art; Mobile Museum of Art, Alabama; City Museum of Art, Dongguan, China; Strathmore Art Gallery, Maryland; Lingnan Art Museum of Dongguan, China with a traveling exhibition to celebrate his 80th birthday.
Wo is an admirer of nature. His paintings are the result of his effort to share with others the moments of joy, which he has experienced in his contact with the myriad phenomena of nature. His mastery of the brush and paint has enabled him to express freely the poetic mood of the beautiful things he encountered and the untrammeled spirit of the artist himself through the depiction of the living creatures, objects and scenes in nature. Among the more familiar themes of his paintings are birds, flowers, landscapes, plants and animals as well as their combinations. The dexterity of Wo's brush has the power of that magic touch which turns these common themes in the material world into symbols of happiness, friendliness, peace, gentleness, tranquillity, harmony and other good qualities of nature. Every painting of Wo is a poem in praise of nature. While the poet glorified nature in words, Wo praises the goodness of nature in paint.

Au Ho-Nien

Au Ho-Nien is widely recognized as one of the world's foremost artists in Chinese painting today. He is the Huagang Chair Professor of Art at the University of Chinese Culture in Taipei. This is a prestigious position and a most eminent accolade for an artist in Taiwan. Besides being a master painter and calligrapher, he is also an accomplished seal carver, a connoisseur of Chinese art, and a cultivated scholar of the Chinese classics.  

Born in Guangdong Province in 1935, Au Ho-Nien became a student of Zhao Shao-Ang, a renowned master of the "Lingnan School" of painting in 1952. After almost half a century, Au is now himself one of the great masters of this school of painting.
Among the distinctive elements of Au Ho-nine's style is a skillful use of the traditional principles of "broken ink" and "dry brush" harmonized with the technique of water and pigment infusion. He likes to apply ink tones and color washes directly while sparing the use of outline, thus achieving an exciting effect which emphasizes dimension and distance.  

In his painting, Au Ho-Nien strives to bring forth the visual harmony of nature by playing with delicate patterns and by balancing light and shade. His painting possesses a special quality of liveliness, elegance, and sublimity. 
Au's calligraphy is characterized by vigorous and forceful brush strokes and is individual in style. His expertise in calligraphy has increased the dexterity of his brushwork, enabling him to more easily reach his artistic goals, fulfilling the philosophy of the Lingnan School: "taking nature as teacher and relying on one's own intelligence".

Stephen Lowe
Born in China, Stephen Lowe (Lau Wan Hang) displayed a natural inclination toward art, poetry and music at an early age. While in his teens, Stephen enrolled at the Lingnan School of Art in Hong Kong, acclaimed at the time as the leading school of modern Chinese art. Under the direction of Professor Chao Shao-an, a master artist from China, Stephen formed a solid basis for his artistic technique founded on Chinese tradition and his love for the natural beauty of the country. He eventually immigrated to Canada and from his art studio in Victoria, shared his vision of China with people from all over the world through his delicate and sensitive watercolors interpretations of flowers, birds and landscapes.
During his short life, he held 23 one-man shows, including exhibitions at the Provincial Museum of British Columbia and at the United Nations in New York. In addition, Stephen taught at the Art Gallery of Greater Victoria and privately for many years and, on occasion, at the University of Victoria. In 1970 Stephen and his wife Eunice were invited by the Empress Hotel in Victoria to open their first gallery. Four years after Stephen's untimely passing, Eunice and her family carried on his legacy to Calgary by opening the second Stephen Lowe Art Gallery in 1979 where it has flourished under the directorship of their eldest daughter Anna and her husband Allen.
In 1985, the government of China invited and sponsored a memorial exhibition of his work, which toured four major cities in China including the National Gallery in Beijing, Nanjing, Shanghai and Guangzhou until 1986. The shows received critical acclaim across China.
Through the legacy of his art and the memories of those who knew and loved him, the remembrance of a great artist and gentle soul will live forever.



Wednesday, March 2, 2016, 07:47 PM

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